Stent Thrombosis after Rescue Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Acute ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction
Khalid Bin Thani1, *, Fajer Al-Moosa1, Eman Murad1, Aisha Al-Moosa1, Mohamed E. Alalawi1, Hind Al-Sindi2
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2015
First Page: 127
Last Page: 132
Publisher ID: TOCMJ-9-127
Article History:Received Date: 22/8/2015
Revision Received Date: 20/9/2015
Acceptance Date: 22/10/2015
Electronic publication date: 29/12/2015
Collection year: 2015
open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
To determine the incidence of coronary stent thrombosis (ST) in patients with acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) after rescue percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
An observational study looking at the incidence of ST in a middle-eastern population. A total of 510 consecutive patients presented with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) were enrolled and underwent thrombolytic therapy with a total follow-up period of 2 years. Study outcomes were ST, death, re-infarction or acute coronary syndrome requiring coronary angiography and PCI.
A total of 510 patients enrolled, all diagnosed with STEMI and underwent thrombolytic therapy. Only 100 subjects underwent rescue PCI with intra-coronary stenting, including 54 patients with drug-eluting stent (DES) and 46 patients with bare metal stent (BMS). During the study period and follow-up, the overall rate of ST was 13.7%, definite ST occurred in 6 patients (5.5%), probable ST in 8 patients (7.3%), and possible ST in one patient (0.9%), including 0.9% acute ST, 0.9% sub-acute ST, 2.8% late ST and 8.3% very late ST. Patients with ST were likely to have prior PCI (p=0.001), prior coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) (p=0.002) and history of heart failure (p=0.04).
ST is infrequent event with major consequences in patients presenting with STEMI in the first 2 years after stent implantation.