RESEARCH ARTICLE


The Relationship between the Risks of Developing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Cardiovascular Diseases



Carlos Sotomayor-Beltran1, *, Rosa Perez-Siguas2, Eduardo Matta-Solis3, Hernan Matta-Solis1, 2, 3
1 Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Ciencias y Humanidades, Lima, Peru
2 Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad María Auxiliadora, Lima, Peru
3 Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Privada Norbert Wiener, Lima, Peru


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Creative Commons License
© 2020 Sotomayor-Beltran et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Ciencias y Humanidades, Lima, Peru, Tel: +51 17151533; E-mail: csotomayor@uch.edu.pe


Abstract

Background:

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) has significantly increased in the past decades due to changes in lifestyles. This chronic disease is expected to be ranked in the seventh position by the year 2030 among the 15 leading causes of death. Poorly treated T2DM can be an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases as well (CVD).

Objective:

We have sought to determine a relationship between the risks of developing T2DM and CVD in a healthcare facility in the district of Breña (Lima, Peru).

Methods:

The Finnish Diabetes Risk Score survey and the Pan American Health Organization risk calculator were used on a sample of 150 patients. The inclusion criteria were: patient age 40-80 years, attended their medical appointment more than once, were overweight or showed cholesterol levels above normal values and lived within the catchment area of the healthcare center where the study was carried out.

Results:

Only 8.7% of our sample was at a low risk of developing T2DM, whereas the rest was at a slightly elevated, moderate and high risk. Additionally, 79.3% of the patients were at low risk of developing CVD. Using the Fisher’s Exact test, there was a significant difference (p=0.026) between the risk of developing T2DM and CVD.

Conclusion:

The risk of developing CVD in our population is expected to rise in the future due to the high risk of developing T2DM. It is hoped that this work serves Peruvian (and other) health authorities to bolster their prevention programs, especially focusing on lifestyle interventions (e.g. increased physical activity), which have proven to be successful and economical.

Keywords: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Cardiovascular disease, Healthcare facilities, Lifestyle, Interventions, Developing.