Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors: Hypertension, Diabetes Mellitus and Obesity among Tabuk Citizens in Saudi Arabia
Jeneth Gutierrez1, Aladeen Alloubani2, *, Mohammad Mari1, Mohammad Alzaatreh3
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2018
First Page: 41
Last Page: 49
Publisher Id: TOCMJ-12-41
Article History:Received Date: 19/11/2017
Revision Received Date: 26/1/2018
Acceptance Date: 10/4/2018
Electronic publication date: 23/04/2018
Collection year: 2018
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is considered as the main cause of death worldwide. Identifying the links among CVDs risk factors can help decrease CVD-related deaths.
To assess the prevalence of risk factors for CVD and their relationships among the Tabuk City population in Saudi Arabia.
A cross-sectional design was used; 432 participants in the Tabuk region were included in this study.
The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) was 5.6%, the prevalence of hypertension (HTN) was 11.1% and obesity and overweight together were 69.9%. Mean Body Mass Index (BMI), HTN, and DM increased with age. There was a correlation between BMI with HTN (r=.200, p<.001), BMI and DM (r=.149, p<.001) and DM and HTN (r=.366, p<.001).
Public awareness may help in reducing the prevalence of CVD.