Impaired Myocardial Bioenergetics in HFpEF and the Role of Antioxidants

The Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal 29 July 2016 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/1874192401610010158


Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a significant cardiovascular condition for more than 50% of patients with heart failure. Currently, there is no effective treatment to decrease morbidity and mortality rates associated with HFpEF because of its pathophysiological heterogeneity. Recent evidence shows that deficiency in myocardial bioenergetics is one of the key pathophysiological factors contributing to diastolic dysfunction in HFpEF. Another known mechanism for HFpEF is an overproduction of free radicals, specifically reactive oxygen species. To reduce free radical formation, antioxidants are often used. This article is a summative review of the recent relevant literature that addresses cardiac bioenergetics, deficiency in myocardial bioenergetics, and increased reactive oxygen species associated with HFpEF and the promising potential use of antioxidants in managing this condition.

Keywords: Adenosine triphosphate, Antioxidants, Bioenergetics, Diastolic heart failure, Free radicals, Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction.
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