RESEARCH ARTICLE


Comparison of Cardiac Rehabilitation Programs Combined with Relaxation and Meditation Techniques on Reduction of Depression and Anxiety of Cardiovascular Patients



Mahdy Hassanzadeh Delui1, *, Maliheh Yari2, Gholamreza khouyinezhad3, Maral Amini4, Mohammad Hosein Bayazi5
1 Cardiovascular Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Department of Psychology, Torbat-e-Jaam Islamic Azad University, Torbat-e-Jaam Branch, Torbat-e-Jaam, Iran
3 Department of Educational sciences, Mashhad Islamic Azad University, Mashhad Branch, Mashhad, Iran
4 Young Researchers Club, Mashhad Islamic Azad University, Mashhad Branch, Mashhad, Iran
5 Department of Psychology, Torbat-e-Jaam Islamic Azad University, Torbat-e-Jaam Branch, Torbat-e-Jaam, Iran


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© Delui et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Cardiovascular Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, P.O. Box: 9176699199, Iran; Tel: +98-511-8430492; Fax: +98-511-8430492; E-mail: hasanzadedaloeem@mums.ac.ir


Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of death in developed countries. Most cardiac rehabilitation programs include psychological interventions. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of rehabilitation techniques in cardiac patients including psychological-physical interventions such as Meditation and Relaxation. We enrolled 45 patients with CVD and depression. The patients were allocated to 3 groups (Relaxation, Meditation and Control). There was a significant reduction on depression, systolic blood pressure and heart rate in the Meditation group compared with the control group. Our findings suggest that meditation techniques have better outcomes in cardiac patients for improving depression, reduction of systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate than relaxation techniques.

Keywords: : Cardiac Rehabilitation, Diastolic blood pressure, Heart rate, Meditation, Relaxation, Systolic blood pressure..