Rare Concurrence of Apical Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy and Effusive Constrictive Pericarditis
Satoshi Okayama1, *, Tsunenari Soeda1, Ayako Seno1, Makoto Watanabe2, Tamio Nakajima2, Shiro Uemura1, Yoshihiko Saito1
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2011
First Page: 99
Last Page: 102
Publisher ID: TOCMJ-5-99
Article History:Received Date: 27/1/2011
Revision Received Date: 11/2/2011
Acceptance Date: 15/2/2011
Electronic publication date: 2/5/2011
Collection year: 2011
open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
A 78-year-old man with a history of pulmonary tuberculosis was referred for preoperative evaluation of cardiac function. Echocardiography and cardiac cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) indicated apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), a thickened visceral pericardium, and a large pericardial effusion. Cardiac late gadolinium-enhanced MRI revealed pericardial inflammation or fibrosis. Apical HCM with concurrent effusive constrictive pericarditis was diagnosed. Further studies are required to elucidate the pathophysiology of this condition.