Prognostic Assessment of Diabetics Using Myocardial Perfusion Imaging: Diabetes Mellitus is Still a Coronary Artery Disease Equivalent



Andrea De Lorenzo1, 2, *, Victor F. Souza2, Leticia Glerian2, Ronaldo SL Lima1, 2
1 Clinica de Diagnostico por Imagem, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
2 Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


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© 2017 Lorenzo et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Av Ataulfo de Paiva 669, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, ZIP: 22440-032, Tel: 552132062244; E-mail: andlorenzo@hotmail.com


Abstract

Background:

Even though diabetes mellitus (DM) has been considered a “Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) equivalent”, that is still controversial, especially in a contemporary population subject to optimized treatment.

Objective:

We aimed to assess the cardiovascular risk of diabetics by myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS).

Methods:

Consecutive patients who underwent MPS from 2008 to 2012 were studied. Perfusion scores were calculated, and abnormal MPS was defined as a summed stress score >3. Patients were followed for 3±1 years for all-cause death, which was compared between patients with DM (without known CAD) and patients with known CAD but without DM.

Results:

Among 3409 patients, 471 (13.8%) were diabetics without known CAD (DM group) and 638 (18.7%) had CAD without diabetes (CAD group). Annualized death rates were not significantly different between DM or CAD patients (0.9 vs 1.5%, p=0.09). With normal MPS, death rates were 0.7% for DM and 0.6% for CAD (p=0.8). With abnormal MPS, death rates increased similarly in the DM and CAD groups.

Conclusions:

In diabetic patients without known CAD, the rate of death was not significantly different from patients with prior CAD and without DM. Abnormal MPS increased risk similarly in diabetic patients and in those with CAD. These findings suggest that DM may still be considered a high-risk condition, comparable to known CAD, and effectively stratified by MPS.

Keywords: Diabetes, Coronary artery disease, Aymptomatic, Myocardial ischemia, Myocardial perfusion scintigraphy, Prognosis.