Effect of ATP-binding Cassette Transporter A1 (ABCA1) Gene Polymorphisms on Plasma Lipid Variables and Common Demographic Parameters in Greek Nurses
Vana Kolovou1, Apostolia Marvaki1, Maria Boutsikou2, Georgios Vasilopoulos3, Dimitrios Degiannis1, Christina Marvaki3, Genovefa Kolovou2, *
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2016
First Page: 233
Last Page: 239
Publisher ID: TOCMJ-10-233
Article History:Received Date: 22/8/2015
Revision Received Date: 20/9/2015
Acceptance Date: 22/10/2015
Electronic publication date: 21/11/2016
Collection year: 2016
open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
The present study is on line with our previous studies evaluating the influence of ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) gene polymorphisms on the lipid variables of Greek student-nurses. The current study was undertaken to (1) estimate the influence of variant(s) such as rs2066715 (V825I), R219K, R1587K, I883M of ABCA1 gene on lipid variables and (2) evaluate the effect of all four ABCA1 polymorphisms on common demographic parameters.
The study population involved 432 unrelated nurses (86 men) who were genotyped for ABCA1 polymorphisms and correlated according to lipid variables [total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TGs), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and apolipoprotein (apo) A] and demographic parameters (age, gender, BMI, waist circumference).
According to lipid variables concentration there was no difference between genotypes and alleles of V825I, R219K and I883M polymorphisms. The LDL-C concentration was 13% lower in RR compared with RK genotype (100.7 vs. 113.9 mg/dl, p=0.013) of R1587K gene polymorphism. In regression analysis the effects of age, gender and only R1587K gene polymorphism on LDL-C concentrations were proved significant. Additionally, LDL-C was increased (by 1.29 mg/dl on average) by every year of increase of age. Moreover, females had lower LDL-C concentrations as compared with males.
Findings suggested that only R1587K polymorphism of ABCA1 gene was associated with lipid variables, age, and gender of Greek nurses. These findings may be helpful in assessing the risk factors for premature coronary heart disease and distinct individuals with lower/higher atherosclerotic burden.